登陆

极彩在线平台-默克尔对哈佛学生说:不要把谎话当成现实,把缺点当作正常

admin 2019-06-05 285人围观 ,发现0个评论

上星期四,德国总理安吉拉默克尔在哈佛大学结业典礼上致辞,不点名地批判特朗普的方针,呼吁保卫多边主义和自在交易,鼓舞年轻一代“推倒无知与狭窄的高墙”,尖利程度在她此前的表态中并不多见。

在讲演中,默克尔还对年轻一代提出以下期望:

咱们比以往任何时分都需求,为全球性的多边利益举动。寻求全球利益,而不是某个国家的利益。具有向外看的眼光,而不是孤立主义。

常常问自己:我之所以去做,是由于这事自身是对的,仍是只是由于有掌握做成它?

不要把谎话当成实际,不能把缺点看做正常。

请记住,敞开的一同也带来危险。

离别曩昔,是新开端的一部分。

最重要的是,没有什么是天经地义的。

只需打破枷锁自己的墙面,全部皆或许。

以下是讲演全文。

讲演 | Angela Merkel

翻译 | 琥珀风筝 来历 | 陌上美国

敬重的哈佛校长巴科,联盟成员,监督委员会成员,校友会成员,教职员工,骄傲的爸爸妈妈和结业生们,今日是欢喜的日子,是归于你们的一天,恭喜!

今日我很快乐来到这儿,并想告知你们一些我自己的阅历。今日也将是你们走向日子应战的开端。现在,时机的大门正在向你们翻开。这多么鼓舞人心。

德国作家赫尔曼黑塞对这种状况有一些夸姣的描绘。我想引证他的话,然后继续用我的母语讲演。赫尔曼写道:”全部的开端都具有奇特的力气,护卫和协助咱们的日子。”

当24岁的我拿到物理学位的时分,这首诗也相同鼓励过我。

那是1979年,其时国际被分红了东方阵营和西方阵营,处于暗斗阶段。我在东德长大,一个按方案经济过日子的独裁国家。没有自在,人们没有表达的权力,充溢政治虐待。

东德政府惧怕人们因寻求自在而逃离,所以制作了柏林墙。这是一堵由水泥和钢筋造的墙。任何企图翻越它的人,都被抓起来或许被枪杀。这面墙将柏林分红两半,将人们和家庭分隔,其间包含我的家。

暗斗时期的柏林墙

我结业后的第一份作业,是在东德科学研讨院做物理科研。我住在离柏林墙很近的当地。每天在我上班和回家的路上,我都要经过它。在它另一侧,是具有自在的西德。

每天,当我走到挨近柏林墙的时分,都不得不在最终一分钟掉头,走回自己的公寓。这意味着,每天,我都不得不在最终一刻,向墙那一边的自在回身。那如此地折磨人,我都不知道多少次觉得再也无法忍受了。

我不是异见者,也没有去冲击过那堵墙。可是,我也历来无法否定那堵墙就在那里。我不想自己诈骗自己。柏林墙约束了我的时机,它就实在地挡在我的前面。

可是,在那些年月里,这面墙无法做到一点。它不能约束我心里的主意,我的特性,我的想象力,我的期望和期望。禁令和强制不能约束任何这些。

1989年,欧洲被自在的浪潮席卷。从波兰,到匈牙利,捷克斯洛伐克,还有东德,不计其数的人勇敢地涌向街头。

公民显现了自己的力气,推翻了柏林墙!

包含我自己在内的许多人,不敢信任的事,成了实际!一扇门,忽然被翻开了。我也参加人潮,走过那道门。总算,我再也不用在最终一刻,被逼向自在回身。我能够跨过边境线,开端拥抱巨大的敞开!

在30年前的那几个月里,我亲身阅历到,没有什么是不或许改动的。亲爱的结业生们,这些是今日,我第一个想跟你们共享的阅历。我期望,这能影响到你们对未来的挑选。

任何看起来像石头相同原封不动的工作,都是实在能够被改动的。任何改动,不管巨细,都是从观念的改变开端的。

惋惜,我爸爸妈妈那一代人,却只能用最苦楚的方法,领会到这个道理。我爸爸妈妈分别出生在1926年和1928年。当他们跟你们年岁差不多的时分,刚好遇到人有背离夸姣价值观的倾向,第二次国际大战完毕的时代。

我的国家,从前的法西斯德国,给欧洲和全国际,带来了难以抹去的灾祸。打败和失利的两边,本很或许多年处于无法弥补的对立中。可是,实际上,欧洲却快速地摆脱了从前充溢了数个世纪的抵触奋斗。一种根据一同的价值观,而不是强壮的国家主义之上的平缓次序,得以树立。

虽然这一路并不缺少争议和重复,可是我毫不置疑,咱们欧洲人由于联合了起来,而变得更好更强壮。(全场掌声)

相同地,美国和德国之间的友好关系也证明,从前的战役中的敌人,也能够改变成朋友。乔治马歇尔是促进这段前史的重要人物。而刚好是在这儿,1947年(哈佛)的结业典礼上,他宣告了这个方案,并为之做出出色的奉献。

以民主和人权等价值观为根底的跨大西洋伙伴关系,使咱们具有了一个平缓与昌盛的时代。到现在现已继续了70多年,全部各方都获益。不久之后,咱们这一代的政治家将退出前史舞台。

2019届哈佛结业生们,你们这一代人将面对21世纪未来几十年的应战。你们是将咱们带到未来的一代人。

哈佛大学校长 Larry Bacow与结业生在一同

保护主义、交易抵触,危及国际自在交易,让咱们的昌盛根底逐渐丢失。数字化信息革新影响着咱们日子的方方面面。战役和恐怖主义导致人们颠沛流离。气候改变对咱们星球的自然资源构成威胁。而人类需求对这个危机以及更多的结果担任。

咱们能够并且有必要尽全部或许,应对这一应战。现在举动还来得及,可是需求咱们每个人都发挥作用。并且我觉得,这个办法也将在批判中走向完善。因而,我将尽力行使我的权力,保证德国在2050年完成"气候中和(即超低碳环保日子)"。

假如咱们一同处理它们,会有更好的改变。假如咱们只想独自举动,就无法取得多少成果。

因而,我想与你们共享的第二个主意是,咱们比以往任何时分都更需求多边协作,而不是单边举动;需求全球性的,而不是单个国家的;要对外敞开,而不是走向孤立主义。

简而言之,咱们有必要一同尽力而不是单枪匹马。

结业生在共享欢笑与拥抱

哈佛肯尼迪政治学院的学生在挥舞他们学业的标志物

亲爱的结业生们,比较我这一代,你们将来会有更多的时机。究竟,你们手中智能手机的处理才能,很有或许比我1986写学术论文时用的、在苏联批量生产的IBM电脑好多了。

例如,今日咱们运用人工智能,从数百万张图画中查找到疾病的症状,以便用于更好地确诊癌症(等疾病)。在未来,一个充溢洞察力的机器人,能够协助医师和护理,将注意力愈加重视患者的特性化需求。

现在,咱们还无法猜测哪些应用程序将成为或许。但能够必定的是,它带来的时机将令人拍案叫绝。

2019级结业生们,你们将很大程度地决议咱们在未来怎么运用这些科技。你们将参加决议未来的作业方法,怎么交流,怎么出行,决议咱们的整个日子会怎么开展。

作为德国总理,我经常要问自己,我是在做正确的工作吗?我做这件工作,是由于它是正确的,仍是只是由于它是有掌握做成的?这也是你们需求不断问自己的问题。

这是我今日想与咱们共享的第三个主意。

是咱们在拟定科技规矩,仍是科技让咱们被牵着鼻子走?咱们是否充沛优先考虑人的庄严,仍是只是将群众当成顾客、大数据来历,乃至是调查监控目标?

这些都是具有应战的问题。

我的经历是,假如咱们习气于经过对方的视角看问题,就能够找到很好的答案。

这还包含,咱们能尊重别人的前史、传统、宗教和身份,据守自己的价值观并坚持一致,在需求赶快决断的压力下也能不激动行事且坚持深思熟虑。当然,这么做必定需求勇气。

重要的是,咱们需求对别人以诚相待。或许最重要的,咱们首要要能诚笃地面对自己。

还有什么比哈佛更好的当地?在这儿,来自国际各地的年轻人,在寻求真理的校训下,学习、研讨和评论油焖锡纸茄子咱们这个时代面对的各种问题。

这要求咱们不要把谎话和实际倒置。它要求咱们不能把缺点看做正常。

可是,亲爱的结业生,有什么或许阻挠你们?阻挠咱们完成这些?

答案是,墙。

人们心中的墙,无知的墙面和狭窄的思维。

它们存在于家庭成员之间,以及社会中不同肤色、民族和宗教的集体之间。墙不断阻挠咱们对国际和谐协作的想象。咱们是否能做到这一点,取决于咱们自己。

这是我期望在座的各位结业生考虑的第四点,没有什么是天经地义的。

个人自在不是突如其来的,民主制度也并非天经地义地能一向健康存在。相同,人类的平缓和昌盛都不是必定的。

可是,假如咱们打破枷锁自己的墙面,假如咱们拥抱敞开并有勇气步入新的开端,全部皆有或许。

几位哈佛学子在庆祝结业

墙能够坍毁,毒菜能够消失。人类能够操控全球变暖,铲除饥饿,消除疾病,让人们特别是更多的女孩取得教育的时机,对立颠沛流离。这全部咱们都能够做到。

所以,让咱们不要再问不或许做到什么,或许专心于那种一向以来的方法。让咱们首要问询能做什么,并去霸占从前无法完成那些事

这恰也是我在2005年,赢得德国大选后,在议会宣布第一份方针声明的主意。我是德意志联邦共和国第一位女人总理(注:德国的一把手)。

我想用这些话精确地与你们共享我的第五个主意,让咱们超越自我,完成各种打破,展现咱们的才能和力气。

1991年、1995年和2000年后的默克尔

我的个人阅历,是柏林墙的坍毁,让30多年前的我走向了敞开和应战。我离开了科研作业,进入政界。

那是鼓舞人心和充溢奇观的时代。正如在座的你们,日子将是令人兴奋和奇特的。可是,也躲避不了置疑和忧虑的时间。那个时分,咱们都知道曩昔发生了什么,但不知道未来会是怎样。或许这也是今日的你们,在结业季的欢喜之余,具有的相似感触。

我想与你共享的第六个主意便是,当你走出去的那一刻,也是冒险开端的时间。

学会继往开来。任何的开端都有完毕的时分,白日一向有黑夜相随,生命都躲避不了逝世。

咱们的终身会遇到各种不同。开端和完毕之间,有着空间。咱们称之为生命和经历。我一向信任,咱们需求做好预备,习气完毕。由于这是新起点的启航,这样能协助咱们充沛掌握未来的时机。

这是我不管做学生,做科研,仍是从政后,不断领会的道理。谁知道在我离任之后,将会有什么样的日子。可是,必定也会是寻求新的应战的日子。有一件事是很清楚的,将再次是不同的新日子。

这便是为什么我要把这个期望留给你们,推倒无知和狭窄的墙,由于没有什么有必要坚持原样。

为全球性的多边利益举动。常常问自己:我之所以去做,是由于这事自身是对的,仍是只是由于有掌握做成它?不要忘掉,自在也需求保卫。尽力超越自我,给自己带来不断的惊喜。

请记住,敞开的一同也带来危险。离别曩昔,是新开端的一部分。

最重要的是,没有什么能够被视为天经地义。全部皆或许发生。

(默克尔运用德语做讲演,以下为英文译文)

Thank you!

I think let's start.

President Larry Bacow, fellows of the Cooperation, members of the Board of Overseers, members of the Alumni Board, members of the faculty, proud parents and graduates. Today is the day of joy, its your day, many congratulations.

I am delighted to be here today and would like to tell you about some of my own exper极彩在线平台-默克尔对哈佛学生说:不要把谎话当成现实,把缺点当作正常iences. This ceremony marks the end of the intensive and probably also hardship in your lives. Now the door towards your life is opening. That's exciting and inspiring. The Germany writer, Hermann Hesse has some wonderful words for such situation in life. I'd like to quote him and then continue in my native language.

Hermann has written:

In all beginning dells a magic force

For guarding us and helping us to live.

These words by Hermann have inspired me when I completed my physics degree at the age of 24. That was back in 1979. The world was divided into East and West. And it was in the grips of the Cold War.

I grew up in east Germany and the GDR, the part of my country that was not free and under dictatorship. People were oppressed and under surveillance. Political dissidents were persecuted.

The east Germany government was afraid of people would flee to freedom. And that's why it built the Berlin Wall. A wall made of concrete and steel. Anyone caught trying to overcome it was arrested or shot dead. This wall which cut Berlin in half, divided people and divided families. My family was also divided.

My first job after college was as a physicist at the Academy of Sciences in east Berlin. I lived near the Berlin Wall. I walked towards it everyday on my way home to my institute. Behind it, laid west Berlin. Freedom.

And everyday, when I was very close to the wall, I had to turn away at the last minute in order to head towards my apartment. Everyday I had to turn away from freedom at the last minute. I don’t know how often I thought I couldn’t take it anymore, it was so frustrating. I was not a dissident. I didn't run up and ban against the wall. Nor, however, did I ever denied its existence for? I didn't want to lie to myself.

The Berlin wall limited my opportunities, it quite literally stood in my way. However, there was one thing which this wall couldn't do during all of those years. It couldn't impose limits on my inner thoughts. My personality, my imaginations, my dreams and desires, prohibitions and coercions couldn't limit any of that.

Then came 1989, a common desire for freedom unleashed incredible forces throughout Europe. In Portland, in Hungry, at Checeslovacoter, as well as in east Germany, hundreds of thousands of people dare take to the street. The People deomonstrated and brought down the Wall. Something which many people including myself would not have belived possible become reality. Well there was once only a door suddenly opened. For me too, the moment had came, to walk through that door.

I no long had to turn away from freedom at the last minute, I was able to cross this border and venture out into the great wide open.

During these months 30 years ago, I experienced firsthand that nothing has to stay the way it is. This experience, dear graduates, is the first thought I want to share with you today for your future.

Anything that seems to be set in stone or inalterable can indeed change. It matters both large and small, it holds through that every change begins in the mind.

My parents generation discovers this in the most painful way. My father and mother were born in 1926 and 1928. When they were as old as most of you here today, the betrayal of all civilized values that was shown up and World War II had just ended.

My country Germany had brought unimaginable suffering on Europe and the world. The victors and defeated could easily have remained irreconcilable for many years. But instead, Europe overcame centuries over conflicts. A peaceful order based on common values rather than supposed national s极彩在线平台-默克尔对哈佛学生说:不要把谎话当成现实,把缺点当作正常trength emerged.

Despite all the discussions and contemporary setbacks, I firmly believed that we Europeans have united for the better. And the relationship between Germans and Americans too demonstrates former wartime enemies can become friends.

It was George C. Marshall, who gave a crucial contribution to this for the plan he announced at the commencement ceremony in 1947, in this very place.

The transatlantic partnership based on values such as democracy and human rights, has given us an era of peace and prosperity that has benefited all sides which was lasted for more than 70 years now. And today, it would not be long now before the politicians of my generation are no longer the subject of the exercising leadership program, and at most we would be done within leadership in history.

Harvard class of 2019, your generation would be face with the challenges of the 21 century in the coming decades. You are among those would lead us into the future.

Protectionism and trade conflicts jeopardize free international trade and therefore lost the very foundation of our prosperity. The digital transformation affacts all facets of our lives. Wars and terrorism lead to displacement and forced migration. Climate change poses a threat to our planet’s natural resources. It and the resulting crisis are caused by humans.

Therefore, we can and must do everything humanly possible to master this challenge to humankind. It is still possible, however each and everyone of us must play a part. And I said this with measure also with criticism get better.

I will therefore t极彩在线平台-默克尔对哈佛学生说:不要把谎话当成现实,把缺点当作正常o do everything in my power to ensure my country Germany will achieve climate neutrality by 2050.

Changes for the better are possible if we tackle them together. If we want to go it alone, we could not achieve much.

The second thought I want to share with you is therefore, more than ever, our way of thinking and actions have to be multilateral rather than unilateral, global rather than national, outward looking rather than isolationist. In short, we have to work together rather than alone.

You dear graduates would have quite different opportunities to do this in future than my generation did. After all, your smart phone probably has considerably more processing power than the copy of the IBM main frame computer manufactured in the Soviet Union, which I was allowed to use for my dissertation in east Germany in 1986.

Today we use artificial intelligence, for example, to search the millions of images for symptoms of diseases in order among other things to better diagnose cancer.

In future, a perceptive robot could help doctors and nurses to focus on the individual needs of patients. We cannot predict today which applications would be possible. However, the opportunities it brings are truly breathtaking.

Class of 2019, how we use these opportunities would be largely up to you as a graduate. You are the ones who will be involved in deciding how our approach to how we work, communicate, get about indeed our entire way of life we develop.

As Federal Chancellor, I often have to ask myself, am I doing the right thing? Am I doing something because it is right, or simply because it’s possible? That is just something you too need to ask yourself.

That's the third thought I wish to share with you today. Are we laying down the rules for technology, or is technology dictating how we act? Do we prioritize people as individuals with human dignity with all the manifests or do we see them as many consumes, data sources, objects of surveillance. These are difficult questions.

I have learned that we can find good answers even to difficult questions if we always try to view the world through the eyes of others. If we respect other people's history, traditions, religions and identity. If we hold fast to our inalienable values and act in accordance with them. And if we don't always act on our first impulses even with pressure to make a slap decision. But instead, take a moment to stop, be still, think, pause. Granted that certainly takes courage.

Above all, it calls for truthfulness in our attitudes towards others. And perhaps most importantly, it calls for us to be honest with ourselves.

What better place to begin to do so than here, in this place where so many young people from all over the world come to learn, research, and discuss the issues of our time under the maxim of truth.

That requires us not to describe lies as truth and truth as lies. It requires us not to accept shortcomings as our normality. Yet, what dear graduates could stop you? What could stop us from doing that?

Once again, the answer is walls. Walls in people's mind, walls of ignorance and narrow-mindedness.

They exist between family members, as well as between groups within this society; between people of different skin colors, nations and religions. Walls that keep preventing us from envisioning of the world in which together we want you to live. Whether we manage to do that is up to us.

That's what my fourth thought. For my dear graduates to consider is this, nothing can be taken for granted.

Our individual liberty is not given, democracy is not something we can take for granted. Neither is peace, and neither is persperity. But if we break down the walls that hammer us in, if we step out into the open and have the courage to embrance new beginning, everything is possible.

Walls can collapse, dictatorship can disappear. We can hold global warming, we can eradicate starvation, we can eliminate diseases we can give people especially girls access to education, we can fight the course of displacement and force of migration. We can do all of that.

So let's no stop by asking what isn't possible or focusing on what has always been that way. Let's start by asking what is possible and looking for things that have never been done as before.

This is exactly what I said to the Boondas talk, the German Parliment in 2005, in my first policy statement as newly elected Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany and the first woman to hold this office.

And I want to use precisely these words to share with you my fifth thought.

Let just suprise us by showing what is possible, let suprise us by showing what we are capable of.

In my own life, it was the fall of the Berlin Wall that allowed me almost 30 years ago to step out into the open. A that point, I left my work as the scientist behind me and enter politics. That was exciting and magic time. Just as your life would be exciting and magic. But also experienced moments of doubt and worry. For that time we all knew what lay behind but not what may lay ahead. Perhaps that reflects a little how you too are feeling today, omits all the joy at this occassion.

The sixth thought I also want to share with you is this, the moment when you step out into the open is also a moment a risk taking.

Letting go of the old is part of the new begining. There is no beginning without end, no day without night, no life without death.

Our whole life encounters all the diferences. The space between beginning and ending. It is what lays in between that we call life and experiences.

I believe that time and time again, we need to be prepared to keep bringing in things to an end, in order to feel the magic of new beginning, and to make the most of our opportunities.

That's what I learned as a student, as a scientist, and it is what my experiences now in politics. And who knows what life will bring after my time as a politician. That too is completely open. Only one thing is clear, it would again be something different and something new.

That why I want to leave this wish with you, tear down walls of ignorance and narrow-mindedness, for nothing has to stay as it is.

Take joint action in the interest of the multilateral, global world.

Keep asking yourselves: Am I doing something because it is right, or simply because it’s possible?

Don't forget, that freedom is never something that can be taken for granted.

Surprise yourself with what is possible.

Remember that openness always involves risks.

Letting go of the old is part of the new begining.

And above all, nothing can be taken for granted. Everything is possible.

本文译文及英文部分原载于微信大众号“陌上美国”,感谢共享!

点击原文,进入博雅好课专场

声明:该文观念仅代表作者自己,搜狐号系信息发布渠道,搜狐仅供给信息存储空间服务。
请关注微信公众号
微信二维码
不容错过
Powered By Z-BlogPHP